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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Student Name Capella University NURS-FPX 6618 Leadership in Care Coordination Prof. Name Date Care Coordination Needs Disastrous situations pose numerous challenges, which can be mitigated through effective care coordination planning. These challenges include unmet healthcare needs, inadequate healthcare equipment, limited accessibility to healthcare services, workload imbalances, burnout among healthcare providers, resource shortages, and a dearth of healthcare personnel (Yusefi et al., 2022). For instance, the recent coronavirus pandemic highlighted the unpreparedness of several countries, leading to significant challenges (Yusefi et al., 2022). Medical facilities and hospitals were overwhelmed, exacerbated by widespread ignorance about the coronavirus. The resulting catastrophic situation saw millions of fatalities globally due to various challenges. Implementation of a robust care coordination plan for disaster management could have potentially saved numerous lives and prevented chaotic circumstances. Some essential requirements during epidemic or pandemic situations include having evacuation plans, ensuring equipment and systems functionality, community education to prevent misinformation, resource procurement, and training caregivers to operate effectively in such scenarios. Elements of a Disaster Preparedness Project Plan Disasters often lead to communication, coordination, and collaboration challenges, resulting in unmet needs and health complications. Critical elements of a disaster preparedness plan include fostering efficient collaboration and communication. Improved communication and collaboration can help organizations recognize crises promptly, emphasizing the urgency of the situation (Bly et al., 2021), thus enabling a more effective and flexible response. Furthermore, enhanced communication aids in raising awareness about diseases like COVID-19, enabling families to take preventive measures. Seamless information flow facilitates resource allocation, sharing progress updates, and analyzing data for continuous improvement. It is imperative to implement tools for risk assessment and sensitivity testing (Bly et al., 2021), provide financial aid to those in need, and ensure adequate infrastructure to address the crisis comprehensively. Personnel & Material Resources in Emergencies Key personnel and material resources required during emergencies include emergency shelters, transportation services such as ambulances and firefighter vehicles, hygiene-related supplies, ventilators, power systems, oxygen sources, medications, water, food, and communication services like telephones or cell phones. Effective collaboration among healthcare providers is essential to utilize these resources efficiently. It is assumed that all these resources are readily available for providers to deliver care (Khan et al., 2018). Standards & Best Practice Maintaining the ethics of patient confidentiality is crucial to minimize patient security risks. Policies like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) ensure that only authorized users access patient information, thereby safeguarding patient privacy (Bassan, 2020). Healthcare providers should adhere to ethical frameworks such as crisis standards of care (CSCs) (Leider et al., 2017), which promote transparent and consistent practices, fair treatment, and accountability, thus preventing disparities among patients. Interagency & Inter-professional Relationships Effective collaboration among healthcare professionals and patients is essential for coordinated care, resulting in better satisfaction and outcomes, especially during emergencies. Collaboration enables practitioners from various fields to meet public health needs, bridge knowledge gaps, enhance disaster preparedness, and improve emergency management protocols (Mawardi et al., 2020). Organizations and agencies can also collaborate to assist communities impacted by disasters, as exemplified by the Red Cross and Red Crescent Society (IFRC, n.d.). Local, National, or International Regulatory Requirements Various regulatory requirements aim to support disaster relief efforts, such as the National Disaster Recovery Framework in the United States, which strengthens economic, societal, environmental, and social factors to aid affected states, territories, jurisdictions, and tribes (National Disaster Recovery Framework, n.d.). Additionally, setting up disaster management committees at regional or community levels with gender-balanced representation, regular meetings, access to relevant data, and member training is crucial (CBM, n.d.). Care Coordination Team Establishing a team of emergency recovery professionals and educating them about care coordination fundamentals is essential. Training workshops, drills, and scenario-based activities can enhance team skills while prioritizing safety. Overcoming communication barriers through tools like tablets or communication picture boards facilitates communication with patients during emergencies, especially those unable to speak clearly (Patient-Provider Communication Network, n.d.). Regulatory standards awareness and disaster plan discussions should be integral to training sessions, supplemented by needs assessments and implementation evaluations. References Bassan, S. (2020). Data privacy considerations for telehealth consumers amid COVID-19. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa075 Bly, J., Hugo Francescutti, L., & Weiss, D. (2021). Disaster management: A state-of-the-art review. Natural Hazards – Impacts, Adjustments, and Resilience. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.94489 CBM. (n.d.). Disaster Management Committee | CBM i-DRR. https://idrr.cbm.org/en/card/disaster-management-committee IFRC. (n.d.). Emergency needs assessments | IFRC. https://www.ifrc.org/our-work/disasters-climate-and-crises/supporting-local-humanitarian-action/emergency-needs Khan, Y., O’Sullivan, T., Brown, A., Tracey, S., Gibson, J., Généreux, M., Henry, B., & Schwartz, B. (2018). Public health emergency preparedness: a framework to promote resilience. BMC Public Health, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6250-7 NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation Leider, J. P., DeBruin, D., Reynolds, N., Koch, A., & Seaberg, J. (2017). Ethical guidance for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 107(9), e1–e9. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303882 Mawardi, F., Lestari, A. S., Randita, A. B. T., Kambey, D. R., & Prijambada, I. D. (2020). Strengthening primary health care: emergency and disaster preparedness in community with a multidisciplinary approach. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 15(6), 675–676. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.143 National Disaster Recovery Framework. (n.d.). FEMA.gov. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/national-preparedness/frameworks/recovery Patient-Provider Communication Network. (n.d.). Patient-Provider Communication Network – Communication is the. . . Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.patientprovidercommunication.org Yusefi, A. R., Sharifi, M., Nasabi, N. S., Rezabeigi Davarani, E., & Bastani, P. (2022). Health human resources challenges during COVID-19 pandemic; evidence of a qualitative study in a developing country. PLOS ONE, 17(1), e0262887. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262887 NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Student Name Capella University NURS4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health Prof. Name Date Disaster Recovery Plan Welcome, everyone. Today, we will be discussing the importance of disaster recovery planning in vulnerable communities, particularly in the context of the Vila Health community’s scenario. Natural disasters and emergencies can have devastating effects on communities, especially those who are vulnerable. That’s why having a well-developed disaster recovery plan is critical to ensure that these populations receive the necessary support and services during and after a disaster. The community of Vila Health faces multiple obstacles that affect its safety, health, and ability to recover from disasters, including socioeconomic factors like poverty, lack of education, and inadequate healthcare access. To tackle these challenges, a disaster recovery plan has been created, utilizing the MAP-IT framework and trace-mapping to develop strategies that will address health determinants, as well as psychological, cultural, or financial obstacles that impede security, wellness, and disaster recovery processes. Our objective is to create strategies that are supported by evidence and will foster health equity, address communication barriers, and improve collaboration among professionals to enhance disaster recovery efforts. Without delay, let’s now delve into the specifics of our recovery from disaster strategy for the Vila Health care community. Determinants of Health and Barriers to Disaster Recovery Efforts in Vila Health Community As previously mentioned, the Villa Health community encounters various factors that obstruct safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. Cultural and social barriers also exist, including language barriers, cultural differences, and mistrust of the healthcare system. These factors contribute to health disparities and pose significant challenges to disaster recovery efforts. Inadequate housing conditions, such as overcrowding and lack of affordable housing, can impact the community’s potential for disaster recovery. For instance, overcrowding can increase the risk of infectious diseases spreading, compromising community health and safety. Lack of affordable housing can limit access to safe and stable housing, negatively affecting the overall health and well-being of community members, particularly during and after disasters. This is consistent with the Healthy People 2030 goal of promoting safe, stable, and affordable housing as a social determinant of health that plays a crucial role in disaster recovery efforts (Dueñas-Espín et al., 2023). Limited access to education can impact the community’s knowledge and preparedness for disaster prevention and response. Without access to education and information on disaster preparedness, community members may be less equipped to respond effectively during emergencies, leading to increased vulnerability and challenges in disaster recovery efforts (Finucane et al., 2020). For example, a community with low literacy rates may struggle to understand evacuation procedures or properly interpret warning messages, leading to delayed or inadequate responses during a disaster event. This can result in increased vulnerability and challenges in recovery efforts (Zhai & Lee, 2023). NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan Economic barriers, such as lack of financial resources, can indeed limit access to critical health and safety resources, making it challenging for community members to recover from disasters. For example, after a disaster, individuals and families may face financial losses, such as property damage or loss of income, which can impact their ability to access necessary healthcare services, purchase essential supplies, or rebuild their homes (Finucane et al., 2020). Poverty can also contribute to overcrowding and inadequate housing conditions, further compromising community health and safety during and after disasters. Therefore, addressing economic factors, including economic losses during disasters, is crucial in promoting equitable disaster recovery efforts and ensuring that vulnerable communities receive the support they need to rebuild and recover effectively (Dueñas-Espín et al., 2023). Cultural and social barriers, such as language barriers and cultural differences, may impede communication and coordination efforts during a crisis. Lack of trust in the healthcare system and local authorities can also make it difficult for communities to respond effectively to disasters (Zhai & Lee, 2023). NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan The Villa Health community has recently experienced a train derailment that resulted in significant loss of life, hospitalizations, and damage to homes. The crisis exposed weaknesses in the disaster preparedness plans of various institutions, including the Valley City Regional Hospital. Coordination between emergency responders was lacking, and the hospital was understaffed. Additionally, the city’s disaster plan was outdated, failing to account for potential disasters, which hindered the community’s ability to respond effectively to the crisis. Overall, the Villa Health community faces different health determinants that obstruct safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. To improve the community’s ability to react to crises, it is necessary to take actions that address these barriers, such as increasing access to healthcare and education resources, enhancing coordination and communication among emergency responders, and updating disaster preparedness plans.  Health Equity and Accessibility in Disaster Recovery Planning for Community Services  To reduce health inequities and improve access to community services, Vila Health will implement a disaster recovery plan that adheres to the MAP-IT design. This approach emphasizes Mobilizing individuals and organizations, Assessing the community’s needs, Planning and implementing interventions, Tracking progress, and ultimately improving health equity. The disaster recovery plan will begin by mobilizing collaborative partners, including city agencies, non-governmental organizations, healthcare facilities, and community-based organizations, to ensure a coordinated response to disasters. These partners will work together to assess community needs, particularly those of vulnerable populations, to ensure that the disaster recovery plan addresses the unique health disparities and cultural and social barriers to disaster recovery in the community (Zhai & Lee, 2023). The plan will then involve the development of culturally sensitive and equitable strategies to address the identified community needs. This will involve community engagement to identify the unique cultural and social needs of the community and the development of targeted interventions to address these needs. The plan will make sure that resources and services are accessible and available to all members of the community, irrespective of cultural or linguistic differences, by including principles of cultural sensitivity and social justice (Abdeen et al., 2021). NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan In addition to addressing