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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Student Name

Capella University

NURS4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof. Name

Date

Disaster Recovery Plan

Welcome, everyone. Today, we will be discussing the importance of disaster recovery planning in vulnerable communities, particularly in the context of the Vila Health community’s scenario. Natural disasters and emergencies can have devastating effects on communities, especially those who are vulnerable. That’s why having a well-developed disaster recovery plan is critical to ensure that these populations receive the necessary support and services during and after a disaster.

The community of Vila Health faces multiple obstacles that affect its safety, health, and ability to recover from disasters, including socioeconomic factors like poverty, lack of education, and inadequate healthcare access. To tackle these challenges, a disaster recovery plan has been created, utilizing the MAP-IT framework and trace-mapping to develop strategies that will address health determinants, as well as psychological, cultural, or financial obstacles that impede security, wellness, and disaster recovery processes.

Our objective is to create strategies that are supported by evidence and will foster health equity, address communication barriers, and improve collaboration among professionals to enhance disaster recovery efforts. Without delay, let’s now delve into the specifics of our recovery from disaster strategy for the Vila Health care community.

Determinants of Health and Barriers to Disaster Recovery Efforts in Vila Health Community

As previously mentioned, the Villa Health community encounters various factors that obstruct safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. Cultural and social barriers also exist, including language barriers, cultural differences, and mistrust of the healthcare system. These factors contribute to health disparities and pose significant challenges to disaster recovery efforts.

Inadequate housing conditions, such as overcrowding and lack of affordable housing, can impact the community’s potential for disaster recovery. For instance, overcrowding can increase the risk of infectious diseases spreading, compromising community health and safety. Lack of affordable housing can limit access to safe and stable housing, negatively affecting the overall health and well-being of community members, particularly during and after disasters. This is consistent with the Healthy People 2030 goal of promoting safe, stable, and affordable housing as a social determinant of health that plays a crucial role in disaster recovery efforts (Dueñas-Espín et al., 2023).

Limited access to education can impact the community’s knowledge and preparedness for disaster prevention and response. Without access to education and information on disaster preparedness, community members may be less equipped to respond effectively during emergencies, leading to increased vulnerability and challenges in disaster recovery efforts (Finucane et al., 2020). For example, a community with low literacy rates may struggle to understand evacuation procedures or properly interpret warning messages, leading to delayed or inadequate responses during a disaster event. This can result in increased vulnerability and challenges in recovery efforts (Zhai & Lee, 2023).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Economic barriers, such as lack of financial resources, can indeed limit access to critical health and safety resources, making it challenging for community members to recover from disasters. For example, after a disaster, individuals and families may face financial losses, such as property damage or loss of income, which can impact their ability to access necessary healthcare services, purchase essential supplies, or rebuild their homes (Finucane et al., 2020). Poverty can also contribute to overcrowding and inadequate housing conditions, further compromising community health and safety during and after disasters. Therefore, addressing economic factors, including economic losses during disasters, is crucial in promoting equitable disaster recovery efforts and ensuring that vulnerable communities receive the support they need to rebuild and recover effectively (Dueñas-Espín et al., 2023).

Cultural and social barriers, such as language barriers and cultural differences, may impede communication and coordination efforts during a crisis. Lack of trust in the healthcare system and local authorities can also make it difficult for communities to respond effectively to disasters (Zhai & Lee, 2023).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

The Villa Health community has recently experienced a train derailment that resulted in significant loss of life, hospitalizations, and damage to homes. The crisis exposed weaknesses in the disaster preparedness plans of various institutions, including the Valley City Regional Hospital. Coordination between emergency responders was lacking, and the hospital was understaffed. Additionally, the city’s disaster plan was outdated, failing to account for potential disasters, which hindered the community’s ability to respond effectively to the crisis.

Overall, the Villa Health community faces different health determinants that obstruct safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. To improve the community’s ability to react to crises, it is necessary to take actions that address these barriers, such as increasing access to healthcare and education resources, enhancing coordination and communication among emergency responders, and updating disaster preparedness plans. 

Health Equity and Accessibility in Disaster Recovery Planning for Community Services

 To reduce health inequities and improve access to community services, Vila Health will implement a disaster recovery plan that adheres to the MAP-IT design. This approach emphasizes Mobilizing individuals and organizations, Assessing the community’s needs, Planning and implementing interventions, Tracking progress, and ultimately improving health equity.

The disaster recovery plan will begin by mobilizing collaborative partners, including city agencies, non-governmental organizations, healthcare facilities, and community-based organizations, to ensure a coordinated response to disasters. These partners will work together to assess community needs, particularly those of vulnerable populations, to ensure that the disaster recovery plan addresses the unique health disparities and cultural and social barriers to disaster recovery in the community (Zhai & Lee, 2023).

The plan will then involve the development of culturally sensitive and equitable strategies to address the identified community needs. This will involve community engagement to identify the unique cultural and social needs of the community and the development of targeted interventions to address these needs. The plan will make sure that resources and services are accessible and available to all members of the community, irrespective of cultural or linguistic differences, by including principles of cultural sensitivity and social justice (Abdeen et al., 2021).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

In addition to addressing cultural and social barriers to disaster recovery, the disaster recovery plan will ensure that resources and services are available to all members of the community (Wong et al., 2020). The plan will involve the creation of a comprehensive resource inventory of personnel, equipment, and supplies to ensure that necessary resources are available during disasters. The plan will also include a coordinated communication and response strategy between various agencies, including fire and police departments, healthcare facilities, and community organizations, to ensure that resources are deployed efficiently and effectively during disasters.

To ensure that progress is being made towards improving health equity and addressing health disparities, the disaster recovery plan will track community progress using a range of metrics, including access to healthcare services, health outcomes, and community engagement. This data will be used to continuously assess the effectiveness of the disaster recovery plan and identify areas for improvement (Zhai & Lee, 2023).

Influence of Health and Governmental Policies on Disaster Recovery Endeavors

Disaster recovery activities in the Vila Health community are significantly impacted by public health and governmental policies. Policies such as the “Affordable Care Act (ACA)” and “Medicaid” expansion have improved access to healthcare services and increased resources for disaster recovery efforts. The ACA has increased the number of individuals with health insurance coverage, thereby improving their ability to access healthcare services during disasters. For example, individuals with health insurance coverage may have better access to emergency services, evacuation assistance, and post-disaster healthcare, contributing to more timely and effective response and recovery efforts (Finucane et al., 2020).

 Medicaid expansion has increased the number of healthcare providers and resources available to underserved communities. This can be beneficial during disaster recovery efforts, where increased demand for healthcare services may arise. For instance, in a disaster-affected community with expanded Medicaid coverage, more individuals may have access to healthcare providers, medications, and medical supplies, improving their ability to receive necessary medical care and support during the recovery process (Dueñas-Espín et al., 2023).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Several studies have highlighted the importance of leveraging policies to enhance disaster recovery efforts and improve access to healthcare services. For example, a study found that disaster recovery plans that align with health and governmental policies, such as increased funding for recovery efforts and improved access to healthcare services, are more effective in addressing the needs of vulnerable populations (Ramesh et al., 2023). Another study demonstrated that policies that prioritize equitable distribution of resources during disaster recovery, regardless of socioeconomic status, lead to better health outcomes and faster community resilience.

In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO, 2021) has emphasized the importance of aligning disaster recovery plans with existing health and governmental policies e.g., The National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) to ensure that vulnerable populations have equal access to resources and services. increase funding for disaster recovery efforts and   access to healthcare services can be leveraged to support the implementation of the disaster recovery plan. It can increase funding for disaster recovery efforts and improve access to healthcare services, along with  strong collaboration among all the stakeholders involved  (Finucane et al., 2020).

Another important policy that can impact disaster recovery efforts are social welfare policy. Social welfare policies, such as unemployment benefits, housing assistance, and food assistance programs, can play a critical role in supporting individuals and communities affected by disasters. For example, social welfare policies can mitigate the economic impact of disasters and ensure affordable and safe housing options for vulnerable populations, contributing to effective and equitable disaster recovery efforts (Jones et al., 2020).

Approaches for Improving Communication and Collaboration among Professionals

To enhance inter-professional collaboration and overcome communication barriers during disaster recovery, the following evidence-based strategies are recommended:

a) Language interpretation services should be provided to non-English speaking populations to ensure effective communication during disaster response efforts. A study by the National Institutes of Health has shown that language barriers can result in communication breakdowns, which can negatively impact healthcare outcomes (Xiang et al., 2021).

b) A clear chain of command and communication protocols must be established among all stakeholders. A systematic review of disaster management communication has identified the importance of establishing clear roles, responsibilities, and protocols to promote effective communication and collaboration among stakeholders (Abdeen et al., 2021).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

c) Training programs should be developed and implemented for healthcare providers, government officials, and community members on disaster preparedness and response. Evidence suggests that training can improve the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for disaster management (Sharma & Sharma, 2020).

d) Social media and other forms of technology should be utilized to disseminate information to the community in real time during a disaster. A systematic review of social media use during disasters has shown that it can improve situational awareness, facilitate communication, and enhance collaboration among stakeholders (Ramesh et al., 2023).

e) Partnerships with local organizations and community groups should be established to enhance communication and collaboration during disaster recovery efforts. Evidence suggests that community engagement and collaboration can improve disaster resilience and reduce the negative impact of disasters on vulnerable populations (Dzigbede et al., 2020).

Conclusion

In conclusion, utilizing a disaster recovery plan that utilizes the MAP-IT framework and trace mapping can effectively tackle the determinants of health and social, cultural, and economic barriers that hinder safety, health, and disaster recovery in the Vila Health community. The community faces various obstacles such as socioeconomic factors, cultural and social barriers, and inadequate disaster preparedness plans that hinder disaster recovery efforts.

The proposed plan includes collaboration with partners, assessing community needs, planning interventions, and tracking progress to address health disparities and promote health equity. It is crucial to align the disaster recovery plan with existing health and governmental policies to ensure that all community members have access to resources and services. Evidence-supported tactics for enhancing communication and inter-professional collaboration can additionally improve disaster recovery efforts within the community.

References

Abdeen, F. N., Fernando, T., Kulatunga, U., Hettige, S., & Ranasinghe, K. D. A. (2021). Challenges in multi-agency collaboration in disaster management: a Sri Lankan perspective. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 62, 102399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102399

Dueñas-Espín, I., Jacques-Aviñó, C., Egas-Reyes, V., Larrea, S., Torres-Castillo, A. L., Trujillo, P., & Peralta, A. (2023). Determinants of self-reported health status during COVID-19 lockdown among surveyed ecuadorian population: a cross sectional study. plos one, 18(3), e0275698. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275698

Dzigbede, K., Gehl, S. B., & Willoughby, K. (2020). Disaster resiliency of U.S. local governments: insights to strengthen local response and recovery from the COVID ‐19 pandemic. Public Administration Review, 80(4)  https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13249 

Finucane, M. L., Acosta, J., Wicker, A., & Whipkey, K. (2020). Short-term solutions to a long-term challenge: rethinking disaster recovery planning to reduce vulnerabilities and inequities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2), 482. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020482

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Ramesh, M. V., Thirugnanam, H., Singh, B., Nitin Kumar, M., & Pullarkatt, D. (2023). Landslide early warning systems: requirements and solutions for disaster risk reduction—India. Progress in Landslide Research and Technology, 1(2), 2022, 259–286. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-18471-0_21

Sharma, S. K., & Sharma, N. (2020). Hospital preparedness and resilience in public health emergencies at district hospitals and community health centres. Journal of Health Management, 22(2), 146-156. https://doi.org/10.1177/0972063420935539

Wong, S. D., Broader, J. C., & Shaheen, S. A. (2020). Can sharing economy platforms increase social equity for vulnerable populations in disaster response and relief? A case study of the 2017 and 2018 California wildfires. Transportation research interdisciplinary perspectives, 5, 100131.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.27020.100131

Xiang, T., Gerber, B. J., & Zhang, F. (2021). Language access in emergency and disaster preparedness: an assessment of local government “Whole Community” efforts in the United States. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 102072. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102072 

Zhai, L., & Lee, J. E. (2023). Analyzing the disaster preparedness capability of local government using AHP: zhengzhou 7.20 rainstorm disaster. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(2), 952. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20020952

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