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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 6618 Leadership in Care Coordination

Prof. Name

Date

Care Coordination Needs

Disastrous situations pose numerous challenges, which can be mitigated through effective care coordination planning. These challenges include unmet healthcare needs, inadequate healthcare equipment, limited accessibility to healthcare services, workload imbalances, burnout among healthcare providers, resource shortages, and a dearth of healthcare personnel (Yusefi et al., 2022). For instance, the recent coronavirus pandemic highlighted the unpreparedness of several countries, leading to significant challenges (Yusefi et al., 2022).

Medical facilities and hospitals were overwhelmed, exacerbated by widespread ignorance about the coronavirus. The resulting catastrophic situation saw millions of fatalities globally due to various challenges. Implementation of a robust care coordination plan for disaster management could have potentially saved numerous lives and prevented chaotic circumstances. Some essential requirements during epidemic or pandemic situations include having evacuation plans, ensuring equipment and systems functionality, community education to prevent misinformation, resource procurement, and training caregivers to operate effectively in such scenarios.

Elements of a Disaster Preparedness Project Plan

Disasters often lead to communication, coordination, and collaboration challenges, resulting in unmet needs and health complications. Critical elements of a disaster preparedness plan include fostering efficient collaboration and communication. Improved communication and collaboration can help organizations recognize crises promptly, emphasizing the urgency of the situation (Bly et al., 2021), thus enabling a more effective and flexible response.

Furthermore, enhanced communication aids in raising awareness about diseases like COVID-19, enabling families to take preventive measures. Seamless information flow facilitates resource allocation, sharing progress updates, and analyzing data for continuous improvement. It is imperative to implement tools for risk assessment and sensitivity testing (Bly et al., 2021), provide financial aid to those in need, and ensure adequate infrastructure to address the crisis comprehensively.

Personnel & Material Resources in Emergencies

Key personnel and material resources required during emergencies include emergency shelters, transportation services such as ambulances and firefighter vehicles, hygiene-related supplies, ventilators, power systems, oxygen sources, medications, water, food, and communication services like telephones or cell phones. Effective collaboration among healthcare providers is essential to utilize these resources efficiently. It is assumed that all these resources are readily available for providers to deliver care (Khan et al., 2018).

Standards & Best Practice

Maintaining the ethics of patient confidentiality is crucial to minimize patient security risks. Policies like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) ensure that only authorized users access patient information, thereby safeguarding patient privacy (Bassan, 2020). Healthcare providers should adhere to ethical frameworks such as crisis standards of care (CSCs) (Leider et al., 2017), which promote transparent and consistent practices, fair treatment, and accountability, thus preventing disparities among patients.

Interagency & Inter-professional Relationships

Effective collaboration among healthcare professionals and patients is essential for coordinated care, resulting in better satisfaction and outcomes, especially during emergencies. Collaboration enables practitioners from various fields to meet public health needs, bridge knowledge gaps, enhance disaster preparedness, and improve emergency management protocols (Mawardi et al., 2020). Organizations and agencies can also collaborate to assist communities impacted by disasters, as exemplified by the Red Cross and Red Crescent Society (IFRC, n.d.).

Local, National, or International Regulatory Requirements

Various regulatory requirements aim to support disaster relief efforts, such as the National Disaster Recovery Framework in the United States, which strengthens economic, societal, environmental, and social factors to aid affected states, territories, jurisdictions, and tribes (National Disaster Recovery Framework, n.d.). Additionally, setting up disaster management committees at regional or community levels with gender-balanced representation, regular meetings, access to relevant data, and member training is crucial (CBM, n.d.).

Care Coordination Team

Establishing a team of emergency recovery professionals and educating them about care coordination fundamentals is essential. Training workshops, drills, and scenario-based activities can enhance team skills while prioritizing safety. Overcoming communication barriers through tools like tablets or communication picture boards facilitates communication with patients during emergencies, especially those unable to speak clearly (Patient-Provider Communication Network, n.d.). Regulatory standards awareness and disaster plan discussions should be integral to training sessions, supplemented by needs assessments and implementation evaluations.

References

Bassan, S. (2020). Data privacy considerations for telehealth consumers amid COVID-19. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa075

Bly, J., Hugo Francescutti, L., & Weiss, D. (2021). Disaster management: A state-of-the-art review. Natural Hazards – Impacts, Adjustments, and Resilience. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.94489

CBM. (n.d.). Disaster Management Committee | CBM i-DRR. https://idrr.cbm.org/en/card/disaster-management-committee

IFRC. (n.d.). Emergency needs assessments | IFRC. https://www.ifrc.org/our-work/disasters-climate-and-crises/supporting-local-humanitarian-action/emergency-needs

Khan, Y., O’Sullivan, T., Brown, A., Tracey, S., Gibson, J., Généreux, M., Henry, B., & Schwartz, B. (2018). Public health emergency preparedness: a framework to promote resilience. BMC Public Health, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6250-7

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Leider, J. P., DeBruin, D., Reynolds, N., Koch, A., & Seaberg, J. (2017). Ethical guidance for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 107(9), e1–e9. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303882

Mawardi, F., Lestari, A. S., Randita, A. B. T., Kambey, D. R., & Prijambada, I. D. (2020). Strengthening primary health care: emergency and disaster preparedness in community with a multidisciplinary approach. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 15(6), 675–676. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.143

National Disaster Recovery Framework. (n.d.). FEMA.gov. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/national-preparedness/frameworks/recovery

Patient-Provider Communication Network. (n.d.). Patient-Provider Communication Network – Communication is the. . . Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.patientprovidercommunication.org

Yusefi, A. R., Sharifi, M., Nasabi, N. S., Rezabeigi Davarani, E., & Bastani, P. (2022). Health human resources challenges during COVID-19 pandemic; evidence of a qualitative study in a developing country. PLOS ONE, 17(1), e0262887. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262887

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation