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NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

Student Name

Capella University

NURS 4900 Capstone Project for Nursing

Prof. Name


Assessing the Patient, Family, or Population Health Problem Solution

Cardiovascular disorders like heart attack, after cancer, are the second leading cause of mortality for millions worldwide. A cardiac arrest happens when a clot blocks blood flow to a section of the heart. When this blood clot breaks apart, blood flow begins to leak, and a piece of the heart muscle starts dying. According to the statistics, heart attack problems appear progressively between the age of 40-50 in individuals. Globally, 19 million deaths and 607.64 million cases of cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks were reported in 2020, representing an increase of 18% since 2010 (Tsao et al., 2023). The standard age-systematized mortality rate was 7354.05 per million in the U.S.(Tsao et al., 2023).

 In my mother’s case, a native U.S. female dealing with a heart attack presents complex challenges to us. Her lack of physical activity, stress, and financial issues have worsened her situation, making her feel overburdened by medication expenses and transportation costs for her frequent appointments. Our primary focus is facilitating my mother with self-management techniques related to heart attacks. These techniques include educating her about government policies that lessen her financial load and supporting her in using telemedicine to provide suitable and reachable care. We encourage her to join heart attack and stress-related support groups where she finds support, motivation, and valuable awareness that help her manage her heart attack problems better and improve her quality of life.     

The Role of Leadership and Change Management in Addressing Heart Attack Problem

Effective nurse leadership is essential in guiding healthcare teams because they address patient, family, or public health issues. Nurses serve as frontline leaders. They ensure that clear goals are established and that a shared vision is adopted within the team. Nurses give leadership and inspiration and connect all team members to achieve goals like improving patient outcomes and experiences for effectively allocating resources (Collins et al., 2020). Leadership in nurses develops a culture of quality improvement that is necessary for dealing with health issues like heart attacks. Nurses ensure that clinical guidelines are implemented, followed by evidence-based care. They efficiently collaborate within interdisciplinary teams that highlight patient-centered care (Bendowska et al., 2023).

Nurses adapt to new practices and innovations through change management strategies. Nursing leaders develop a culture of quality improvement within nursing teams and healthcare organizations to achieve their goals. Under their guidance, continuous feedback mechanisms are promoted that allow process refinement and implementation of the recent evidence-based care practices. This change is vital in treating cardiovascular illnesses like heart attack, in which nurses play an essential role in multidisciplinary teams. Their leadership strategy ensures team members collaborate effectively, follow clinical guidelines, and provide patient-centered care that respects patients’ opinions and preferences (Suvorova et al., 2023).

NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

In my mother’s situation, nursing leaders perform an essential and considerate role in maintaining critical standards of ethics. Nurses are dedicated to ensuring her safety, well-being, and the protection of her autonomy at every stage of her care journey. Following these ethical principles, nurses organize the development of interventions like the multidisciplinary heart attack quick reaction team. Nursing leadership set a clear objective for the healthcare team regarding my mother’s circumstances.

Nurses aim to save her life, minimize long-term health consequences, and ensure her well-being. Through excellent change management, the nurses involved the highly trained team in the healthcare process, which ensured that my mother received immediate and comprehensive care when needed. This organized combination of patient-centered care and ethical values improves the quality of care provided to my mum. When combined with good leadership and well-executed change management, this method dramatically improves her outcomes and experiences in heart attack management.

Strategies for Collaboration and Communication with a Patient

Effective communication focusing on the needs of patients and preferences is essential to reduce the gap between suggested guidelines and clinical practice. My mother is at the core of her medical journey in patient-centered care. Nurses are required to actively participate in care planning while respecting my mother’s preferences, values, and personal aspirations. Nurses play an essential role in applying this method because they ensure that my mother’s desires and requirements are considered and adequately incorporated into her treatment plan, resulting in a personalized and patient-specific approach to her care. (Kwame et al., 2021).

Team-based care promotes teamwork among healthcare practitioners, including nurses. This collaboration promotes a coordinated approach to patient care, which improves communication and allows for collaborative decision-making among healthcare professionals. Because it depends on the experience of multiple team members, this strategy promotes more effective care and better treatment outcomes for my mother (Will et al.,2019).

NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

Remote monitoring and telemedicine are beneficial therapies for post-heart attack therapy. They offer fast consultations and remote monitoring that minimize my mother’s need to travel long distances. It is helpful for her as she lives far from the hospital. Nurses use these technologies to detect risky changes in her state, resulting in a faster reaction and improved nurse-patient communication (Bitar & Alismail, 2021). These best-practice strategies and interventions significantly improve the quality of my mother’s care and her entire healthcare experience, ultimately leading to better outcomes.

Recognizing that nurses are at the forefront of implementing such strategies. Nurses ensure that my mother’s specific requirements are fulfilled and that her treatment matches her preferences. SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation) is a structured communication tool used in healthcare to ensure clear, concise, and effective patient communication. This tool promotes justice in healthcare by improving information exchange and decision-making (Lo et al., 2021). 

Specific State Board Nursing Practice Standards or Governmental Policies for Heart Attack

The establishment of proposed interventions for my mother, who suffers from a heart attack, is heavily influenced by specific state board nursing practice standards and governmental policies. These policies and standards are a foundation for assuring the highest care quality and safety for heart attack patients, eventually improving the outcomes for patients. The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion’s “Healthy People 2030” policy aims to promote cardiac health and minimize heart attack mortality. This policy prioritizes individuals’ overall well-being and safety by improving healthcare quality. The interventions for my mother are consistent with the policy’s goal of enhancing cardiac health because they focus on providing her with the best care available and assisting her in managing her heart condition (Healthy People 2030, 2020). 

NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) makes healthcare more affordable for heart patients like my mother. This policy promotes high-quality healthcare by making accessible and cost-effective care plans easily accessible. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) improves my mother’s safety and ensures the effective delivery of healthcare services, ultimately contributing to better outcomes (Ercia et al., 2021). My mother benefits from these governmental policies to help her heart attack care journey and improve her lifestyle.

The ANA framework for professional nursing practice highlights the importance of using health technology by sharing patient information and coordinating care with community resources. Nurses use these resources to provide the best care for heart attack patients like my mother. The ANA framework guides the proposed interventions in my mother’s plan. It ensures that nurses follow professional nursing standards in their practice (American Nurses Association, 2023). 

Proposed Interventions to Address Heart Attacks to Improve the Quality of Care, Enhance Patient Safety, and  Costs

My mother’s complete treatment strategy is diverse. It combines medication with heart attack treatment enabled by self-management via telemedicine. My mother’s plan contains educational components to help her understand more about the disease, including how government policies reduce her financial burden and secure funding for heart attack care. This thorough approach to care is expected to improve service quality, increase patient safety, and contribute to cost savings that benefit both the patient and the healthcare system. The ability of my mother to control her symptoms using the knowledge and skills provided is essential to the success of this multidimensional approach.

In the intervention plan related to my mother, patient education is essential in providing patients with complete knowledge about the risk factors associated with heart attacks, preventive measures, and post-attack care. This educational element, offered by healthcare professionals such as nurses, provides patients and their families with the knowledge they need to make informed health decisions. Cardiac rehabilitation programs emphasize specialized treatment plans. The healthcare team, including nurses, develops the program to meet each patient’s needs. The programs ensure highly personalized care and support heart-related patients.

NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

The program guarantees monitoring and regular follow-up appointments overseen by dedicated nursing staff. They ensure potential difficulties are discovered and handled immediately by improving the overall quality of care and establishing a safer, patient-centered atmosphere (Stefanakis et al., 2022). The integration of telemedicine and remote monitoring offers valuable benefits.

Nurses are central in facilitating telehealth access in my mother’s treatment. They monitor her health data, educate her, and ensure efficient resource use in her care plan. Nurses ensure high-quality care for my mother, leading to cost savings, early intervention, and improved patient empowerment by enhancing her overall health outcomes and satisfaction (Bitar & Alismail, 2021).

Technology, Care Coordination, And Community Resources in Heart Attack

Telemedicine is crucial in improving the post-heart attack care and recovery process. It is an essential bridge between heart disease patients and the necessary follow-up care. It offers rapid consultations and remote monitoring. They reduce the need for rural or patients living away from hospitals to cover long journeys. By remote monitoring, nurses detect troublesome changes in a patient’s condition and enable quick responses and reassurance. This convenience saves patients time and money and improves patient-nurse communication by providing comfort and stability during this crucial phase of recovery (Omboni et al., 2022).

Care coordination and community resources are increasingly integrated in managing heart disease in modern professional healthcare practice. Numerous healthcare organizations now offer care coordination services to those suffering from heart disease and other chronic illnesses. Communities offer a range of opportunities to help persons suffering from heart disease. For example, the Million Hearts Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs include regular exercise routines, dietary assistance, and educational sessions. These programs are critical in helping patients in their post-heart attack recovery path by improving their cardiovascular health and lowering the risk of future cardiac attacks. Rehabilitation programs are overseen by healthcare professionals such as nurses and exercise physiologists (Ritchey et al., 2010).


In conclusion, addressing my mother’s complex challenges of heart attack management requires a complete approach to leadership, change management, patient-centered care, government policies, and technological advancements. Effective nursing leadership is guided by ethical principles that ensure quality care and better outcomes. Collaboration, telemedicine, and remote monitoring enhance communication and patient safety. Specific governmental policies and standards improve care quality. Integrating technology, care coordination, and community resources supports complete post-heart attack care. This complicated approach improves my mother’s quality of life, reduces treatment costs, and eventually benefits the patient and the healthcare system.


American Nurses Association. (2023). American Nurses Association. ANA Enterprise.  

Bendowska, A., & Baum, E. (2023). The significance of cooperation in interdisciplinary health care teams as perceived by polish medical students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(2), 954.  

Bitar, H., & Alismail, S. (2021). The role of eHealth, telehealth, and telemedicine for chronic disease patients during COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid systematic review.Digital health, 7, 205520762110093.  

Collins, E., Owen, P., Digan, J., & Dunn, F. (2020). Applying transformational leadership in nursing practice. Nursing Standard, 35(5), 59–66.  

Ercia, A., Le, N., & Wu, R. (2021). Health insurance enrollment strategies during the Affordable Care Act (ACA): A scoping review on what worked and for whom. Archives of Public Health, 79(1).  

Healthy People 2030. (2020). Heart Disease and Stroke – Healthy People 2030.  

Kwame, A., & Petrucka, P. M. (2021). A literature-based study of patient-centered care and communication in nurse-patient interactions: Barriers, facilitators, and the way forward. BMC Nursing, 20(158), 1–10.  

NURS FPX 4900 Assessment 4 Patient Family or Population Health Problem Solution

Lo, L., Rotteau, L., & Shojania, K. (2021). Can SBAR be implemented with high fidelity and does it improve communication between healthcare workers? A systematic review. BMJ open, 11(12), e055247.  

Omboni, S., Padwal, R. S., Alessa, T., Benczúr, B., Green, B. B., Hubbard, I., Kario, K., Khan, N. A., Konradi, A., Logan, A. G., Lu, Y., Mars, M., McManus, R. J., Melville, S., Neumann, C. L., Parati, G., Renna, N. F., Ryvlin, P., Saner, H., & Schutte, A. E. (2022). The worldwide impact of telemedicine during COVID-19: Current evidence and recommendations for the future. Connected Health, 1.  

Ritchey, M. D., Maresh, S., McNeely, J., Shaffer, T., Jackson, S. L., Keteyian, S. J., Brawner, C. A., Whooley, M. A., Chang, T., Stolp, H., Schieb, L., & Wright, J. (2020). Tracking cardiac rehabilitation participation and completion among medicare beneficiaries to inform the efforts of a national initiative. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 13(1).  

Stefanakis, M., Batalik, L., Antoniou, V., & Pepera, G. (2022). Safety of home-based cardiac rehabilitation: A systematic review. Heart & Lung, 55, 117–126.  

Suvorova, E. V., & Izevlina, N. L. (2023). The role of leadership in nursing personnel management. Medsestra, 5, 17–22.  

Tsao, C. W., Aday, A. W., Almarzooq, Z. I., Anderson, C. A. M., Arora, P., Avery, C. L., Baker-Smith, C. M., Beaton, A. Z., Boehme, A. K., Buxton, A. E., Commodore-Mensah, Y., Elkind, M. S. V., Evenson, K. R., Eze-Nliam, C., Fugar, S., Generoso, G., Heard, D. G., Hiremath, S., Ho, J. E., & Kalani, R. (2023). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2023 update: a report from the American heart association. Circulation, 147(8).  

Will, K. K., Johnson, M. L., & Lamb, G. (2019). team-based care and patient satisfaction in the hospital setting: A systematic review. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 6(2), 158–171.

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