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NURS FPX 6030 Assessment 6 Final Project Submission

Student Name Capella University NURS-FPX 6030 MSN Practicum and Capstone Prof. Name Date Final Project Submission Abstract The capstone project aimed to improve patient understanding of post-discharge regimens, reduce hospital readmissions, and enhance patient satisfaction following cardiac catheterization by implementing a tailored educational program and integrating telehealth services. The initiative sought to address knowledge gaps and continuity of care for post-cardiac catheterization patients, ensuring they receive adequate information and support after discharge. The approach involved individualized discharge education and the use of multimodal education delivery, including audiovisual aids and remote monitoring devices, to disseminate information and address concerns. Key findings included the potential for nurses to act as key knowledge brokers, enhancing patient care, and the indication that well-informed patients have reduced readmission rates, potentially saving healthcare costs. Introduction This capstone project addresses the high 30-day hospital readmission rates among patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) discharged after cardiac catheterization at Manatee Memorial Hospital in Bradenton, Florida. The focus is on enhancing post-discharge patient education to improve outcomes. The intervention plan aims to strengthen post-discharge outcomes through comprehensive and individualized discharge education, integrating telehealth services. This intervention is supported by evidence highlighting the effectiveness of tailored discharge education and modern telehealth technologies in improving postoperative outcomes and patient satisfaction. Problem Statement Need Statement This study aims to compare the impact of implementing a comprehensive and personalized post-discharge education program versus providing basic discharge instructions on 30-day hospital readmission rates and patient outcomes among patients discharged from Manatee Memorial Hospital after cardiac catheterization. According to a study by Madan et al. (2019), 30 percent of patients discharged after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were readmitted within 30 days, emphasizing the urgency to minimize readmission rates to improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. Population and Setting The target population consists of patients discharged after cardiac catheterization, who are at increased risk of post-discharge complications. Addressing this population’s needs is crucial to reduce complications, decrease readmission rates, and improve patient satisfaction. The intervention is implemented at Manatee Memorial Hospital, where readmission rates among cardiac catheterization patients are significantly higher than the national average, indicating the need for comprehensive and personalized education. Intervention Overview The intervention comprises tailored discharge education and telehealth services to reduce readmission rates among cardiac catheterization patients. The Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle was applied to develop an individualized post-cardiac catheterization education program. This involved identifying factors contributing to readmissions, creating customized education programs, collecting feedback, and continuously monitoring outcomes. Challenges such as healthcare illiteracy and language barriers among Manatee County residents were considered during implementation. Comparison of Approaches Inter-professional collaboration is crucial for delivering comprehensive care to post-cardiac catheterization patients. While customized education plans are effective, alternative strategies such as standardized education plans and group education sessions led by inter-professional teams can also address patient needs. Initial Outcome Draft The goal is to reduce 30-day readmission rates by 20%, increase medication adherence by 15%, increase follow-up appointment attendance by 30%, and improve symptom reporting by 25% within 12 months. Time Estimate The estimated timeframe for developing and implementing the education program is approximately 12 months, including planning, platform development, pilot testing, full-scale implementation, and ongoing monitoring. Literature Review Comprehensive education post-cardiac catheterization has shown to reduce cardiac arrest incidents and improve medication adherence, leading to fewer readmissions. Tailored education interventions have been effective in reducing readmission rates, emphasizing the importance of personalized education. Telehealth policies support continuous education and care, benefiting remotely located patients and allowing for timely interventions, thereby reducing readmission rates. Intervention Plan Components The intervention plan for enhancing post-discharge outcomes revolves around delivering thorough and personalized discharge education. Two main components constitute this plan: customized educational programs and telehealth services. Customized Educational Plans The initial step involves patient assessments and profiling to gauge their health literacy levels, learning needs, preferences, and socio-cultural factors affecting their learning and self-management process. This tailored approach ensures patient-centered education, fostering better patient engagement and shared decision-making (Al-Noumani et al., 2023). Individualized discharge instructions are then crafted, considering cultural beliefs, language preferences, and health practices, encompassing procedural details, medication management, dietary, and physical activity advice. This component aims to empower patients in their healthcare journey, thereby reducing readmission rates (Chen et al., 2023). Telehealth Services Integrating telecommunication methods and digital health services facilitate effective discharge education and post-discharge adherence. Telehealth services, including remote monitoring and communication tools, enhance patient education and outcome measurement, improving patient experiences, cost-effectiveness, and healthcare equity (Chen et al., 2023). Multimodal education delivery through various technological tools ensures continuous monitoring and guidance for treatment adherence and self-management, ultimately reducing hospital visits and readmission rates. Cultural Needs and Characteristics The diverse patient population at Manatee Memorial Hospital underscores the need for culturally competent intervention plans. Tailoring educational plans to respect language preferences, cultural beliefs, and health practices ensures inclusivity and care effectiveness. Cultural competence training among healthcare professionals facilitates communication and enhances patient engagement. Theoretical Foundations Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Theory is the primary theoretical framework guiding our intervention plan. This theory emphasizes patients’ active role in managing their health conditions, aligning with the goal of promoting patient engagement in their recovery through self-care practices. Research supports the effectiveness of this theory in improving patient outcomes, as evidenced by positive results in hypertensive patients following education on self-care (Labani, 2022). Thus, utilizing Orem’s theory, our intervention plan focuses on developing comprehensive discharge education, encompassing medication compliance and lifestyle modifications, tailored specifically for post-surgery patients. However, a limitation of Orem’s theory is its assumption of patients’ motivation and ability to adhere to treatment plans, which may not always align with reality due to various socio-cultural and economic factors. Therefore, incorporating motivational interviewing (MI) as a strategy can address patients’ readiness for behavioral change and enhance treatment plan adherence. Although MI may be time-consuming, it proves valuable in evaluating patient readiness and addressing uncertainties in discharge education for post-cardiac catheterization patients. Moreover, integrating telecommunication methods such as video conferencing and remote monitoring into our intervention plan supports continuity of care post-surgery. Telehealth

NURS FPX 6030 Assessment 5 Evaluation Plan Design

Student Name Capella University NURS-FPX 6030 MSN Practicum and Capstone Prof. Name Date Evaluation Plan Design In our ongoing quest to improve geriatric care, we’ve pinpointed the critical issue of unintentional falls among older adults, which significantly undermines their overall health and well-being. To tackle this pressing concern, our intervention plan focuses on implementing customized exercise routines to boost physical strength and stability in senior citizens. This initiative integrates seamlessly with wearable technology to monitor their progress in real-time, facilitating immediate feedback and adjustments. By collaborating closely with interdisciplinary healthcare teams, our aim is to ensure that this intervention effectively reduces the risk of falls and enhances the quality of life for elderly individuals. Evaluation of Plan Defining the Outcomes of the Intervention Plan The primary objective of our intervention plan is to substantially decrease the occurrence of falls among the elderly in community settings. This objective is supported by a multifaceted strategy comprising personalized exercise regimens, targeted strength training, and structured balance sessions tailored for the geriatric community (Nasir et al., 2023). The anticipated outcomes of this intervention reflect its overarching goal. By improving physical strength and stability among older adults, we seek to instill greater confidence in their daily activities, ultimately reducing the risk of unintentional falls. Moreover, the emphasis on personalized exercise routines ensures higher engagement and adherence, acknowledging the unique health profiles of each participant and working towards their holistic health and well-being. However, like all interventions, there are potential challenges and limitations. One significant challenge is the necessity for consistent participation and unwavering commitment from elderly participants. Given the diverse health conditions and physical capacities among them, outcomes may vary from one individual to another due to inherent physiological differences or varying adherence to the proposed routines. Additionally, introducing new exercise regimes and training modules might face initial resistance, especially if they significantly deviate from an individual’s routine activities or appear too demanding. These outcomes establish a concrete framework aiming for a marked enhancement in the quality, safety, and overall care experience for the elderly in community settings. The intervention’s design, grounded in evidence-based practices and empirical research, endeavors to address the immediate concern of falls and elevate the general health paradigm for the geriatric community. Designing the Evaluation Plan for the Intervention To assess the impact of our intervention on health promotion, quality improvement, and fall prevention among the geriatric community, we have developed a comprehensive evaluation plan. This evaluation relies on both quantitative and qualitative measures to holistically gauge the effectiveness of our intervention. Initially, we will measure tangible outcomes by tracking the number of fall incidences, comparing this data against a pre-intervention baseline to identify improvements. Additionally, to assess physical enhancements, we will monitor participants’ progress in terms of physical strength and balance through periodic assessments, contrasting results against preset benchmarks for systematic progress tracking. Qualitative feedback is crucial as well, as it provides insights into participants’ confidence levels, perceptions of balance improvements, and overall satisfaction with the intervention. When combined with quantitative measures, this qualitative data offers a nuanced understanding of the intervention’s success. Specialized monitoring tools, potentially wearables, will be utilized to collect continuous movement data for physical enhancement assessment, while qualitative data will be gathered through user-friendly digital feedback forms to ensure accessibility for participants and caregivers (Bhat et al., 2021). To analyze and evaluate the collected data, we will employ specialized software to ensure precision and efficiency. Data analytics platforms will be crucial in interpreting quantitative data, while qualitative data analysis tools will help derive patterns and insights from feedback. The cumulative findings from this evaluation plan will demonstrate the profound impact of our intervention on the target population, showcasing tangible improvements in fall prevention and positive shifts in participants’ confidence and overall well-being. Assumptions underpinning this plan include proactive participation from the elderly in feedback sessions, the reliability and accuracy of monitoring tools, and effective communication and collaboration among healthcare providers throughout the evaluation process. Discussion Advocacy Nurses have emerged as transformative agents within the healthcare landscape. In professional practice, they serve as frontline observers, often the first to identify care gaps and areas needing improvement. With their regular patient interactions, nurses possess a unique perspective, enabling them to lead changes directly impacting patient experiences. When integrating new care strategies, nurses ensure interventions are not only clinically sound but also aligned with patients’ holistic needs. In interprofessional teams, nurses play a crucial role as bridges, harmonizing diverse healthcare perspectives to ensure cohesive care experiences (Bhat et al., 2021). This collaboration forms the foundation of quality care, with each healthcare professional contributing to a unified care goal, informed by nurses’ insights. The core assumption is that nurses are equipped with current best practices and empowered to advocate for and implement necessary changes. Impact of the Intervention on Nursing, Collaboration, and Healthcare The proposed intervention elevates the role of nursing within geriatric care significantly. With an emphasis on personalized exercise regimens and continuous monitoring, nurses transition from passive caregivers to active health strategists (Nasir et al., 2023). This augmented role empowers nurses and necessitates heightened interprofessional collaboration. By facilitating regular interdisciplinary meetings, the intervention ensures effective utilization of various professionals’ expertise, such as therapists, nutritionists, and pharmacists. This collaboration fosters a shared knowledge culture, ensuring patients benefit from a multifaceted care approach. Beyond immediate teams, the broader healthcare field stands to benefit. The intervention combines evidence-based care strategies with state-of-the-art technology, leading to enhanced patient outcomes and streamlined resource utilization, potentially yielding cost efficiencies. Moreover, by enabling early detection and intervention, the strategy could reduce long-term healthcare burdens in terms of costs and resources. The success blueprint of this intervention could be replicated across other care scenarios, raising healthcare standards industry-wide. However, challenges abound. The dynamics of collaboration among professionals, potential differing viewpoints, and the elderly’s receptiveness to technology are variables. The intervention’s success depends on continuous monitoring and flexibility to adapt based on real-time feedback (Sun et al., 2023). Future Steps While the current intervention addresses the