Capella 4060 Assessment 3
Capella 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan
Hello everyone, my name is _______. I hope you all are in a good state of health and mind. I’m a registered nurse by profession. Currently, I am working as a senior nurse at Valley City Regional Hospital. The reason I am here is to present you all with a disaster management and recovery plan which I have created for the upcoming disaster in the form of tornados. To let you all know about the purpose of this disaster plan, Jennifer Paulson, the hospital administrator of Valley City Regional Hospital broke the news of upcoming tornados by National Weather Services (NWS) to me. Therefore, we need to be prepared in advance to prevent any mass casualties for which this disaster recovery plan is created. Now, I’ll begin with our topic for the presentation.
Determinants of Health and Related Barriers Impacting Disaster Recovery Efforts
There are various factors that in combination impact health such as cultural, social, and economic factors. The summary of these factors is those conditions where we live, the conditions of our environment, our religious and custom beliefs, genetics, education level, and relationships with peers and families. Together these factors are called determinants of health. In a disaster recovery plan, it is important to consider these factors and barriers so that an effective plan for disaster preparedness and recovery can be designed and executed. So now, let’s look into some of these barriers that can impact our disaster recovery efforts.
The values and traditions that act as barriers to disaster preparedness and recovery management are disparities in cultural perceptions, ideologies, and prejudices; hence, impact the health and safety of the affected individuals. For example, in disaster recovery, some cultural people like Africans want private transportation over the ambulance. While other cultures like Asians prefer ambulances only for sick people. These priorities in reaching healthcare systems create a delay in disaster recovery. Some cultures prefer traditional healing and folk medicine rejecting hospital treatment which creates prolonged time to recovery. There are some cultural myths that consider widowhood to be unlucky and prone to disasters and loss of social status and respect resulting in depression and anxiety (Rahmani et al., 2022).
The social barriers that impact health, safety, and disaster recovery efforts are the absence of technological information systems which prevents adequate and timely communication, lack of transportation, long travel distances, poor infrastructure of roads and towns, and low income causing unavailability of resources for quick recovery from disasters. These barriers not only hinder the preparedness of disaster recovery plans but also delay the health recovery of individuals (Rouhanizadeh et al., 2020).
The rate of recovery from a disaster depends on the economy of any community. If the financial condition is good, there are chances that disaster preparedness and recovery can be faster as a sufficient amount of money is required to procure resources such as high healthcare staff, increased transportation vehicles, an increased number of shelter homes, and medication treatment affected individuals, etc (Finucane et al., 2020). Hence, the economic constraints put an additional barrier to the preparation & recovery of disasters, impacting the safety and health of affected people.
These factors are interrelated to each other and together they influence the safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. As the cultural factors of peculiar customs along with the social factors act as the synergists to affecting safety, health, and disaster recovery efforts. Hence, if the cultural factors are overcome by providing cultural sensitivity principles along with fulfilling the social issues related to the conditions where people live such as environmental factors and individual factors like age, genetics, etc. will improve the disaster recovery efforts. Similarly, economic aid will promote betterment in overcoming social and cultural barriers.
Proposed Disaster Recovery Plan
The disaster recovery plan to prepare and manage upcoming tornados is based on the strategy called MAP-IT approach. This strategy consists of these steps: Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, and Track. In this strategy, first, the team members are gathered who need to perform the task and then the demands and requirements are assessed. Based on the acquired needs, a plan is developed and implemented. The actions are tracked in the last step and further revisions in the plan are integrated according to the results. Now, we will see how this plan will be utilized in the preparation of the disaster recovery plan:
In this step, we will gather various interprofessional stakeholders who are desirous to work on this plan. Hospital staff such as health professionals (nurses, doctors, pharmacists, etc.) and hospital administrators, IT staff, non-profit organizations such as participation of workers from the American Red Cross, participation of willing religious people, philanthropic universities, college, and school students. All these workers will be gathered in one place to work for this cause and divided into groups and tasks are assigned.
Once the team is selected for working on disaster preparedness and recovery, community needs are analyzed. This is done to comprehend the required needs and to plan adequate measures to fulfill those needs. These community needs can be analyzed by utilizing the demographics of the community and may include the need for wheelchairs for the disabled, interpreters for the deaf, and culturally diverse staff to communicate with those people who have poor proficiency in English as a second language. Other than that, the need for shelter homes for the homeless may also be there to fulfill, Therefore, analyzing the need to plan a disaster recovery plan is crucial and done in this step.
After assessing the needs of community natives, the planning is done according to those needs. Recruiting interpreters for the disabled to obtain effective communication during a disaster is done and shelter homes are increased to support the living of homeless people. This is done with the aid of a gathered team in such a way that health disparities are lessened and access to health services is improved for all the affected individuals
Once the plan is developed, implementation is done with the goal of achieving objectives of disaster recovery in the light of Healthy People 2020 and 2030 goals.
After the implementation of the disaster recovery plan, tracking of actions is done in order to see if the desired objectives are fulfilled or not. If not, what revisions we should be incorporating to assure disaster recovery is performed effectively.
Proposed Disaster Recovery Plan, Health Disparities & Access to Community Services
The proposed disaster plan is designed in such a manner that it will lessen health disparities and improve access to community services. Implementing the principles of health equity and social justice will ensure that nobody is left acquiring the essential health and safety necessities. This is done by training all working forces to treat every affected human equitably and there should be no racial, gender, or ethnic differences that promote health disparities. Another way to enhance practices of health equity and social justice is by developing policies on social justice and health equity and ensuring that every working person is implementing them (Lichtveld, 2018). Any policy violation should prevent the individual from continuing to work in disaster recovery. This way, health equity and practices of social justice will be ensured.
The principles of social justice and cultural sensitivity help to ensure health equity for the whole community. Social justice is a guiding principle that promotes justice in every aspect of society. From a health perspective, in disaster recovery, social justice is important to achieve an overall healthy society. This is achieved when the health disparities are reduced and every vulnerable individual to disaster is given equitable health and safety services (Habibzadeh et al., 2021). In every community, there are always some culturally diverse people living who have core cultural values that they can not get rid of.
Capella 4060 Assessment 3
To provide health services to culturally sensitive people, it is important to keep a workforce that can value and respect their cultural beliefs. This can be accomplished by providing cross-cultural training and education to the disaster recovery workforce. Recruiting culturally diverse staff in disaster recovery can also promote health equity by ensuring that culturally sensitive people are not disrespected for their cultural beliefs. Other than that, some people with cultural backgrounds have their folk languages which are most of the times not comprehended by the working force, for that purpose, having interpreters can improve disaster preparedness and recovery management (Shepherd et al., 2019).
Health and Governmental Policies Impacting Disaster Recovery Efforts
Several health and governmental policies have been developed to promote disaster preparedness and recovery management. One of these policies is the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, which authorizes FEMA’s requirement in local, state, and Indian tribal governments undergo mitigation planning in order to acquire post-disaster mitigation grant aid. This act promotes disaster recovery efforts by providing requirements for local mitigation plans and authorizes the utilization of Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funds up to 7%. By following the provisions of this act, community members will be able to achieve quick mitigation activities to reduce the disaster’s impact on their lives (FEMA, 2023).
Another policy of The Post-Katrina Emergency Reform Act of 2006 stresses the shortcomings in the preparation for and response to Hurricane Katrina by defining the role of agency in emergency management. It also established and maintained a National Preparedness Goal and National Preparedness Systems so that disasters can be better managed and mitigated. The potential implications of the implementation of provisions of this policy are better designing of disaster recovery efforts as it provides direction for the development of the National Disaster Recovery Strategy and National Disaster Housing Strategy.
These strategies aim to provide guidance on how to recover from a disaster and gather all governmental and private stakeholders to fulfill the immediate housing needs of affected individuals to restore and rebuild their life (FEMA, 2023). The implications of these policies for community members will be immediate recovery from disaster and improved quality of life which is deteriorated by disasters.
Communication Strategies to Enhance Interprofessional Collaboration
To perform effective disaster recovery efforts, there is a need for interprofessional collaboration. In times of disasters, communication is necessary to collaborate with interprofessional teams and several strategies can be utilized to overcome communication barriers. A few of them can be:
- Educating interprofessional personnel to know about their responsibilities so everyone can know about what they are doing and conveying by having shared vision and goals
- Using non-verbal communication in concise and clear ways such as facial expressions, postures, and eye contact. For example, your body language should facilitate conveying your words and should hint at your openness to the information that has been sent as a team member is probably going to speak openly if you are relaxed, have a friendly attitude, and use an open posture with arms and legs uncrossed. Eye contact also plays an important role, as a lot of eye contact can cause intimidation, and too little can show your nervousness.
- Implementing two-way communication in terms of giving and receiving feedback (Renfro et al., 2018)
These evidence-based strategies play a key role in enhancing interprofessional collaboration to improve disaster recovery efforts by overcoming the communication barriers among them. As the interprofessional teams with shared vision and goals have a firm grasp on their delegated duties, their communication will be clear and everyone will be processing the information as soon as they recieve.
Non-verbal communication will promote better communication in times of disaster where quick and prompt transmission of information and corresponding action is required. Lastly, applying a give-and-receive feedback communication strategy will ensure both team members are on the same point and have double checked the information. The implications and potential consequences of these communication strategies are quick recovery from disasters, improved health and safety of affected people, and fewer mortalities.
Thank you for your patience, we have reached the conclusion of our presentation. In this presentation, we discussed the purpose of a disaster recovery plan which is influenced by various factors such as social, cultural, and economic factors. Then, we discussed the principles of social justice and cultural sensitivity which can promote health equity and an overall healthy society. Then we discussed the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 and the Post-Katrina Emergency Reform Act of 2006 and how they can improve disaster recovery among community members. Lastly, we studied some communication strategies to overcome the barriers such as shared goals, two-way communication, and non-verbal communication. Here we are ending our presentation, if you have any questions please feel free to ask.
FEMA. (2023, March 23). National level exercise background . https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/planning-exercises/nle/background
FEMA. (2023, April 25). Regulations and guidance. https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/risk-management/hazard-mitigation-planning/regulations-guidance#:~:text=The%20Disaster%20Mitigation%20Act%20of
Finucane, M. L., Acosta, J., Wicker, A., & Whipkey, K. (2020). Short-term solutions to a long-term challenge: Rethinking disaster recovery planning to reduce vulnerabilities and inequities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2), 482. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020482
Habibzadeh, H., Jasemi, M., & Hosseinzadegan, F. (2021). Social justice in health system; a neglected component of academic nursing education: A qualitative study. BMC Nursing, 20(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00534-1
Lichtveld, M. (2018). Disasters through the lens of disparities: Elevate community resilience as an essential public health service. American Journal of Public Health, 108(1), 28–30. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.304193
Capella 4060 Assessment 3
McNeill, C. C., Richie, C., & Alfred, D. (2019). Individual emergency-preparedness efforts: A social justice perspective. Nursing Ethics, 096973301984362. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969733019843621
Rahmani, M., Muzwagi, A., & Pumariega, A. J. (2022). Cultural factors in disaster response among diverse children and youth around the world. Current Psychiatry Reports, 24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-022-01356-x
Renfro, C., Ferreri, S., Barber, T., & Foley, S. (2018). Development of a communication strategy to increase interprofessional collaboration in the outpatient setting. Pharmacy, 6(1), 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010004
Rouhanizadeh, B., Kermanshachi, S., & Nipa, T. J. (2020). Exploratory analysis of barriers to effective post-disaster recovery. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 50(1), 101735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101735
Shepherd, S. M., Willis-Esqueda, C., Newton, D., Sivasubramaniam, D., & Paradies, Y. (2019). The challenge of cultural competence in the workplace: Perspectives of healthcare providers. BMC Health Services Research, 19(1), 1–11. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3959-7