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Capella 4060 Assessment 2

Capella 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof. Name

Date

Community Resources

Community resources are the governmental or non-profit organizations that provide their services and facilities for the welfare of a community. These resources are a means to bring betterment in safety, health, and security. The community resource discussed in this paper is Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Federal Emergency Management Agency is a non-profit organization that was established in 1979 by President Jimmy Carter. Now, FEMA is a part of the Department of Homeland Security since March 1, 2003 (FEMA, 2021).

Mission and Vision of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) works for the public community to help them through pre, during, and post-disaster situations. It accomplishes this mission by having over 20,000 employees spread nationwide. All these workers collaboratively assist people in recovering from disasters such as hurricanes, floods, windstorms, earthquakes, wildfires, pandemic diseases, etc.

The vision behind this organization’s mission is to save lives in disasters and improve the safety and health of people in catastrophic events which can be natural or man-induced as well. This is done by the provision of coordinated federal operational response ability which is required to save lives, lessen afflictions, and secure properties in an effective and timely way in communities that are afflicted by disasters (FEMA, 2023). This enables FEMA to contribute to public health and safety improvements as disaster recovery is a time-taking process and requires prompt and consistent efforts, FEMA is the right agency to seek disaster preparedness and recovery assistance. 

Capella 4060 Assessment 2

An example of an initiative that supports its mission and vision is FEMA’s Natural Disaster Preparedness and Response Efforts during the pandemic outbreak of Coronavirus. In this disaster management of COVID-19, FEMA played a coordinating role in the whole of government response to COVID-19. Prior to this role, FEMA acted as the initial leading federal agency for the COVID-19 pandemic. It ensured the recruitment of numerous personnel from various agencies to enable coordination in generating effective response and recovery efforts at local and national levels.

This coordinated response showed various roles such as enhancing the surge capacity of hospitals, management of critical shortages of medical supplies such as PPE, and distributing equipment supplies from the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) (FEMA, 2021). This enabled FEMA to facilitate the government of America to prepare and fight in an effective way in the COVID-19 pandemic. Hence, this initiative supports the mission and vision of FEMA.

Provision of Equal Opportunity and Improved Quality of Life  

Social, Cultural, Economic, and Physical Barriers

There are various factors that impede health equity in disaster preparedness and recovery such as social, cultural, economic, and physical barriers. These barriers include poverty, discrimination, lack of education, poor socioeconomic conditions, no access to health care systems, insecurity related to food and housing, presence of diverse cultural people with custom beliefs, stigma to seek medical and non-medical assistance, unavailability of transportation, poor infrastructure of communities preventing people from reaching out to take physical assistance post-disaster (Chang, 2019).

These barriers prevent the FEMA agency to fulfill its mission of providing support to people afflicted by disasters. The mentioned factors also delay the recovery of the community from the disasters as the state of affliction elongates with delayed or poor disaster management due to these barriers. 

The FEMA is involved in putting striving efforts to overcome these barriers to ensure that prior to disaster or during and post-disaster events, every individual in the community is considered equal in terms of saving lives and providing security. By providing equal opportunity to all people in acquiring safety, shelter, care treatments, and non-medical services, quality of life is also improved. For this purpose, FEMA developed an Equity Action Plan in the federal equity initiative. This plan is made with the goals of promoting racial equity and support for poorly served communities with the aid of the Federal government so that the quality of life is improved for each individual affected by the disaster. This plan consists of several actions to be taken such as:

  • Maintaining inclusiveness to ensure equity
  • Considering equity as a foundation for public health
  • Attaining equitable results for disaster survivors
  • Building Resilience (FEMA, 2022)

Impact of Funding Sources, Policy, and Legislation 

For the effective working of any governmental and non-profit organization, there is a need for funding sources, policy making, and implementation of legislation. Likewise, FEMA is a federal governmental organization whose budget is managed by Congressional Budget Office (CBO). FEMA through its funding source of CBO provides various financial grants to eligible people burdened by the disaster.

For example, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) and Public Assistance Grant Program (PA) are some of the funding grants FEMA offers to disaster survivors based on their needs and eligibility (Congressional Budget Office, 2022). Thus, funding from CBO enables effective delivery of FEMA’s services to affected individuals as disaster preparedness requires extensive planning with an appropriate number of employees, therefore, adequate funding sources will ensure the appropriate and timely delivery of FEMA’s services. 

Capella 4060 Assessment 2

The FEMA policies such as State Mitigation Planning Policy, Tribal Mitigation Planning policy, Local mitigation planning policy, and additional mitigation planning policies are an interpretation of how hazard mitigation planning is done and what is required for performing it. These policies are made for particular geographical regions based on their requirements. These policies help FEMA provide disaster mitigation services based on hazard and risk assessment, procuring mitigation capabilities based on the geographical classification of areas, developing a mitigation strategy, and finally implementing the developed strategy (FEMA, 2020).

The Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR Part 201) are the rules and regulations authorized by the federal government to implement while planning for hazard mitigations. FEMA implements these provisions while preparing and planning for hazard and disaster mitigation planning for state, local, tribal, and regional governments. The provisions of this legislation impact FEMA’s delivery as the organization is directed about disaster preparedness and mitigation with appropriate rules and regulations so that every needy and affected individual acquires immediate and customized support from FEMA.

The CFR legislation is authorized on the basis of the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (The Stafford Act), the Homeland Security Act, and the National Flood Insurance Act (FEMA, 2020). These funding decisions by CBO, policy development, and legislation have been developed for the betterment of individuals, families, and all communities afflicted by disaster and the resultant survivors. The implications targeted to these individuals by these funding decisions, policies, and legislation can be improved safety of disaster-afflicted people, provision of improved quality of life, and enhanced security.  

Impact of FEMA on Health and Safety Needs of Community

The main objective of FEMA is to restore the safety and quality of life of people suffering from disasters. This goal is incomplete without its collaboration with healthcare systems and health professionals. Therefore, FEMA has requested the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to grant the access to Health and Social Services Recovery Support Function (HSSRSF) which aims at the restoration of public health and social services.The HSSRSF in collaboration with FEMA has been helpful in recovering the communities in terms of health and safety needs.

For example, the HSSRSF worked on restoring the health and safety of individuals affected by Hurricane Irma with the assistance of FEMA. The recovery missions that FEMA fulfills with HSSRSF are public health, food safety, regulated pharmaceuticals, long-term responder health issues, and healthcare services. Considering these missions, goals like assessing health and social service needs, restoring healthcare capacity, and improving the resilience and sustainability of healthcare systems to promote the well-being of the communities are set and fulfilled (FEMA, 2021).

Role of Nurses in FEMA

Nurses can participate actively in FEMA as there is a need to provide healthcare treatments to people having faced disasters. The nurses might become involved with the organization in providing first-aid services to affected individuals, performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) techniques to save the lives of people who are on the verge of dying, and stabilizing the mental health of the affected individuals post-disaster. As the disaster inflicts marked behavioral changes in individuals who are first viewers of the disaster and have unstable mental and emotional health, particularly children and adults. In this regard, nurses can create camps for the rehabilitation of mental and emotional health and can play a huge role in bringing life back to the disaster-inflicted community.

Conclusion

Community resources are helpful in promoting the welfare of a community and enhancing security, safety, and quality of life. Federal Emergency Management Agency is one of the community resources that helps people recover from disasters and restore their life and health needs. Some social, cultural, economic, and physical barriers hinder the services of FEMA. The funding decisions by CBO, policies for hazard mitigation planning, and CFR regulations affect the working of FEMA by directing the organization to work in a streamlined manner. The collaboration of FEMA with HSSSRF fulfills the health and safety needs of affected individuals from disaster. Nurses can play a huge role in FEMA by providing health services to affected people.

References

Chang, C. D. (2019). Social determinants of health and health disparities among immigrants and their children. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 49(1), 23–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cppeds.2018.11.009 

Congressional Budget Office. (2022, November). FEMA’s disaster relief fund: Budgetary history and projections | congressional budget office. https://www.cbo.gov/publication/58420 

FEMA. (2020). Regulations and guidance . https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/risk-management/hazard-mitigation-planning/regulations-guidance 

FEMA. (2021, January). History of FEMA . https://www.fema.gov/about/history#:~:text=Creation%20of%20FEMA 

Capella 4060 Assessment 2

FEMA. (2021b, March 18). Health and social services recovery support function . https://www.fema.gov/press-release/20210318/health-and-social-services-recovery-support-function 

FEMA. (2022, October). Equity . https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/national-preparedness/equity 

FEMA. (2023, May). Response . https://www.fema.gov/about/offices/response#:~:text=We%20provide%20the%20core%2C%20coordinated 

FEMA . (2021, June). FEMA’s natural disaster preparedness and response efforts during the coronavirus pandemic . https://www.fema.gov/fact-sheet/femas-natural-disaster-preparedness-and-response-efforts-during-coronavirus-pandemic