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NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

Student Name Capella University NURS-FPX 6026 Biopsychosocial Concepts for Advanced Nursing Practice 2 Prof. Name Date Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal As health care practitioners, we’re uniquely positioned to drive meaningful change in policy to improve patient outcomes. In this policy proposal, we focus on a specific issue within the African American community: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). Although SCD affects millions worldwide, it disproportionately impacts those of African descent. In the United States, SCD is a leading cause of health disparity in the African American population. Given this, it is crucial to propose a comprehensive policy that enhances the diagnosis, care, and education surrounding SCD to ultimately improve the quality of care and health outcomes for this target population. Policy: Comprehensive Sickle Cell Disease Management Program (CSDMP) The proposed policy calls for a comprehensive approach to managing SCD in the African American community, focusing on early detection, integrated care, and community education. The CSDMP is expected to enhance early detection, prompt initiation of interventions, and improve patient outcomes, thus increasing the overall quality of healthcare provided (Andrews Adjei Druye et al., 2023). NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal Implementing the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Disease Management Program (CSDMP) might face several difficulties such as logistic and funding constraints, differences in professional viewpoints within interprofessional teams, and public misconceptions about SCD. To manage funding and logistic issues, strategic planning, sufficient funding allocation, and legal mandates at governmental levels are crucial, along with public awareness initiatives. Moreover, differences within interprofessional teams can be managed by fostering open communication and  conflict resolution strategies. Public misconceptions about SCD, affecting genetic counseling, can be dispelled through comprehensive public education initiatives, ensuring an improved understanding of SCD. Furthermore, increasing the number of trained genetic counselors will provide effective genetic education. These strategies aim to mitigate potential obstacles in implementing the CSDMP, striving for improved outcomes and care quality for SCD in the African American community (Falasinnu et al., 2023).  Advocating the Proposed Policy Considering Current Sickle Cell Disease  The need for this proposed policy is underlined by the current inadequate outcomes and poor quality of care for SCD in the African American community, primarily attributable to late diagnosis, inadequate ongoing care, and lack of education and counseling services. Early diagnosis is a critical determinant of health outcomes in SCD, as immediate initiation of treatment and preventive interventions can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality associated with the disease (Hankins et al., 2020).  However, in the absence of universal newborn screening, many SCD cases may go undetected until they present with severe complications. This situation underscores the urgent need for implementing a policy mandating universal newborn screening for SCD, with the goal of ensuring that every newborn, particularly those of African American descent, receives timely diagnosis and early interventions. This approach is supported by numerous studies demonstrating the effectiveness of newborn screening in improving health outcomes in SCD (Archer et al., 2022). NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal The provision of holistic, patient-centered care is a key element of high-quality healthcare, and yet, it is often lacking in the current management of SCD. Interprofessional teams, by bringing together healthcare providers from various disciplines, can ensure comprehensive care that addresses not only the physical but also the emotional and psychosocial aspects of SCD. Therefore, the proposed policy emphasizes the need for the establishment of interprofessional teams at each healthcare facility, a measure that aligns with the contemporary trend in healthcare towards interprofessional collaboration (Ochiltree, 2022). Effective management of SCD requires continuous care and regular monitoring, aimed at reducing complications and enhancing quality of life. However, gaps in care coordination and lack of resources often result in fragmented care and suboptimal health outcomes for SCD patients. The proposed policy, by advocating for continuous care and monitoring by interprofessional teams, seeks to address this issue, potentially leading to improved disease management and increased life expectancy (Badawy et al., 2021). NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal Lack of accurate knowledge and awareness about SCD often hampers self-management, treatment adherence, and health-seeking behaviors among patients and their families, contributing to poor health outcomes (Zaidman et al., 2022). By advocating for the provision of genetic counseling and education services, the proposed policy aims to empower patients and their families with the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively manage SCD. This measure aligns with the principles of patient-centered care and shared decision-making, recognized as key drivers of high-quality healthcare (National Academies of Sciences et al., 2020). Analysis of Interprofessional Approach Impact in Policy Implementation and Quality Outcomes Interprofessional collaboration is a key factor in achieving high-quality outcomes in healthcare, especially in managing complex conditions like Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). The proposed policy strongly advocates for an interprofessional approach, recognizing its potential to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of care delivery (Ochiltree, 2022). The Role of Interprofessional Teams: The formation of interprofessional teams in the management of SCD promises a holistic approach to patient care. It amalgamates the unique skills and knowledge of diverse healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, genetic counselors, social workers, and psychologists. This interdisciplinary collaboration results in comprehensive care plans tailored to the needs of the individual, leading to improved patient outcomes and satisfaction (Badawy et al., 2021). Enhanced Communication and Coordination: An interprofessional approach fosters better communication and coordination among care providers. Each professional brings a unique perspective to the team, helping to formulate a more rounded understanding of the patient’s condition and the most effective ways to manage it. This coordination reduces potential errors, duplication of services, and gaps in care, which can lead to improved patient safety and quality of care (National Academies of Sciences et al., 2020). NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal Efficient Resource Allocation: Interprofessional teams can effectively strategize the allocation of healthcare resources, ensuring that SCD patients receive the necessary care at the right time. This method not only reduces